The Hormonal Differences Between Men and Women

Hormones are chemical substances that are produced by the endocrine glands.

Hormones have a specific effect on the activities of certain organs of the human body.

Both men and women produce two main hormones( Estrogens and androgens).

Estrogen Role

Estrogens are popularly believed to be female hormones while androgens are believed to be male hormones.

However, this is not the case; both men and women produce the two hormones in their bodies.

The difference is that women produce estrogen in a high ratio than men.

Androgen Role

Similarly, men produce androgens in a high ratio than women.

For example, testosterone, which is an androgen is also produced by women in small amounts.

Women produce around 10 percent testosterone as compared to what men produce.

The testosterone is also very vital to women since it helps strengthen their muscles and bones.

Men also produce minimal amounts of estrogen for various purposes.

Estrogen in men is vital in preventing heart diseases.

Young men have high testosterone levels and very low estrogen.

As men get old, their testosterone decreases and their estrogen level increases.

This usually leads to increased risks of heart attacks, prostate enlargement, strokes, and other diseases.

Different Functions Of Hormones In Men And Women


Women produce high levels of estrogens for a reason.

Estrogens are important in women for maintaining the vaginal lining.

Estrogens in women are also responsible for maintaining the vaginal elasticity and producing vaginal lubrication.

Estrogens are also vital in preserving the function and texture of breasts.

Estrogens have minimal functions in men although several studies have shown that estrogens may reduce the risks of heart attack in men.

High levels of estrogen in men may lead to a decrease in sexual appetite, cause erectile dysfunction cause growth of breasts and may also lead to loss of hair.


Androgens are generally referred to as male hormones although women also produce some amounts of androgens.

Androgens are very vital in men as they trigger the growth of the testes and penis in a male fetus.

It is the androgens that kickstart the process of puberty in men.

They lead to tho the development of body, facial and pubic hair, broadening of the chest and deepening of the voice.

In general, androgens are responsible for the development of male sexual characteristics in men.

Post-puberty androgens are mainly responsible for regulating the sex drive in men.

Men with testosterone deficiency experience lack of sex drive while those with excess testosterone may experience high sexual desire.

However, when testosterone hormones are in the average range, they may have little effect on your sexual desires.

Men with average testosterone experience sexual desire from external factors such as touch, sound, and sight.

Testosterone hormones may also lead to sexual drive in women.

Hormonal Deficiencies In Men and Women

Testosterone deficiencies in men may lead to erectile dysfunction and lack of sex drive.

In women, lack of testosterone will lead to reduced sexual desire.

While women have small amounts of testosterone as compared to men, it is not clear whether this means they have less sexual desire than me.

Generally, women respond to small amounts of testosterone in their circulation than men.

This is why women can still have a sexual desire even though their level of testosterone is less than 10 percent that of men.

Hormonal Imbalance

There are many factors that can affect the normal body hormonal balance.

Aging and certain illnesses such as cancer can cause changes in hormonal balance hence resulting in changes to sexual interest.

A good example is the aging-effect in women when women get to the age of menopause.

At this stage, the estrogen levels in the body are lowered due to reduced production.

Reduction in estrogen may lead to the shrinking of the vagina and weathering of vaginal walls.

Low estrogen also results in decreased vaginal elasticity and reduced lubrication during intercourse.

In some women, the dawn of menopause leads to reduced sexual functioning.

It may also lead to pain during intercourse or genital soreness for some days.

There are various studies that have shown that both men and women can restore their sexual functioning by using estrogen enhancement therapy.

Androgens are also prescribed for women who are in their menopause years to increase sexual desire.